The Independent Defence Anti-Corruption Committee (NAKO) is a joint initiative established by Ukrainian activists and international experts to fight corruption in Ukraine’s defence sector. NAKO is independent from the Ukrainian government.
NAKO is a joint initiative run by Transparency International Defence & Security and Transparency International Ukraine, and is supported by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Netherlands and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Sweden.
NAKO analyzes corruption risks in the defence and security and provides recommendations to the state authorities as to reducing the level of corruption. The Committee helps promote transparency and strengthen accountability to the society in the state defence institutions, assists the reform process and performs public control.
This initiative builds on the success of the Monitoring and Evaluation Committee in Afghanistan, the Civil Society Defence Reform Platform in Palestine, and the International Commission against Impunity in Guatemala.
Duration of the first phase of the program: March 2016 – December 2018.
In 2017 NAKO established active collaboration with the key participants of Ukraine’s defence and security sector– the Ministry of Defence of Ukraine and state defence industry enterprises. The Committee is helping the Ministry to raise the Index of Anti-corruption Policy in the defence sector (Government Defence Anti-Corruption Index, GDACI), envisaged in the Strategic Defence Bulletin of Ukraine.
NAKO signed the Memorandum of Understanding with the Ukrainian Ministry of Defence and currently contributes to 4 working groups of the MoD.
NAKO produced recommendations which were included in the Annual National Programme of Ukraine-NATO cooperation for 2017 and 2018. NAKO’s recommendations were also included in technical specifications for MoD procurement of 4000 emergency kits and will be included in the future procurements.
NAKO has actively promoted the reform process at the state defence concern Ukroboronprom. Due to the NAKO’s involvement, the Supervisory Board was renewed, and unprecedentedly, the independent international audit was announced. Thus, NAKO has reestablished dialogue with and monitors the tendering process of the independent international audit there. The Committee sees this process as the opportunity to bring light to inefficiencies, corruption risks and structural deficits at the state-owned defence establishment.
NAKO’s research threw light on 2017 MoD procurement of 100 Bohdan-Motors military ambulances through classified non-competitive procedure. The identified potential conflict of interest in that procurement made the headlines. The second party of procurement has been postponed.
In 2018-2019 NAKO will continue researching corruption risks in defence land and housing. For instance, the Committee is currently working on identifying corruption schemes within Ukraine’s defence housing sector. Another long-term research aims to identify the key corrupt practices pertaining to the misuse of MoD land. Matters of poor governance will be addressed to provide recommendations aimed at establishing effective control over MoD real estate.
Following up on NAKO’s publication “Six Red Glags: The Most Frequent Corruption Risks in Ukraine’s Defence Procurement”, the Committee is now considering the manners in which the current State Defence Order legislation can be improved to highten transparency, and thereby reduce corruption risks.
NAKO’s research-based advocacy efforts are related to the findings of our previous reports. We will will continue to work in cooperation with the governmental institutions, civil society partners and the international community. Namely, we focus on reducing corruption risks within defence housing and real estate, defence procurement, illegal trade with the occupied territories, MoD medical supplies and the enhancement of security assistance to Ukraine.