The Independent Defence Anti-Corruption Committee (Nezalezhny Antikorrupciynii Komitet z pytan oborony, or “NAKO”) is a joint initiative established by Ukrainian activists and international experts to fight corruption in the Ukrainian defence sector.
The NAKO is a joint initiative run by Transparency International Defence & Security and Transparency International Ukraine, and is supported by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Netherlands and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Sweden.
The NAKO analyzes corruption risks in the defence and security and provides recommendations to the state authorities as to reducing the level of corruption. The Committee helps promote transparency and strengthen accountability to the society in the state defence institutions, assists the reform process and performs public control.
In 2017 the NAKO established an active collaboration with the key participants of defence and security sector– the Ministry of Defence of Ukraine and state defence industry enterprises. The Committee is helping the Ministry to raise the Index of Anti-corruption Policy in the defence sector (Government Defence Anti-Corruption Index, GDACI), envisaged in the Strategic Defence Bulletin of Ukraine.
NAKO signed the Memorandum of Understanding with the Ukrainian Ministry of Defence and currently contributes to 4 working groups of the MoD.
NAKO produced recommendations which were included in the Annual National Programme of Ukraine-NATO cooperation for 2017 and 2018. NAKO’s recommendations were also included in technical specifications for MoD procurement of 4000 emergency kits and will be included in the future procurements.
NAKO has actively promoted the reform process at the state defence concern Ukroboronprom. Due to NAKO’s involvement, the Supervisory Board was renewed, and unprecedentedly, the independent international audit was announced. Thus, NAKO has reestablished dialogue with and monitors the tendering process of the independent international audit there. The Committee sees this process as the opportunity to bring light to inefficiencies, corruption risks and structural deficits at the state-owned defence establishment.
NAKO’s research threw light on 2017 MoD procurement of 100 Bohdan-Motors military ambulances through classified non-competitive procedure. The identified potential conflict of interest in that procurement made the headlines. The second party of procurement has been postponed.
In 2018 the NAKO aims at expanding its activities to the Ministry of Internal Affairs, the Security Service of Ukraine, the National Security and Defense Council of Ukraine, the National Guard of Ukraine.
This initiative builds on the success of the Monitoring and Evaluation Committee in Afghanistan, the Civil Society Defence Reform Platform in Palestine, and the International Commission against Impunity in Guatemala.
The NAKO will be financially and operationally independent from government, but will work with other defence anti-corruption bodies that are currently forming within the Ministry of Defence.
NAKO recognizes the challenges of implementing reform and oversight in Ukraine. It values the input and support from the international community. This is reflected in NAKO’s dedication to the transparency, accountability, justifiability and sustainability of its projects.
Duration of the first phase of the program: March 2016 – December 2018.
Donors: the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Netherlands, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Sweden, the Department for International Development (DFID).