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21 January, 2022
Situation with defence procurements negatively affects the defence capacity of Ukraine
Uliana Bukatiuk, a journalist of Liga.Net, had a talk with leading experts of the security and defence sector discussing the appropriateness of defence procurements in terms of the needs of the army in case of a large scale Russian offensive.                 
"Ukraine's state of readiness to face the possible Russian attack is much better than it was in 2014. Specifically, this has been promoted by modernization of arms and creation of new military equipment, military and technical assistance of the Western allies, and support by volunteers", says Oleksandr Saienko, NAKO military analytical expert, a retired colonel.

The defence industry of Ukraine has greatly improved its status. A number of new manufacturers appeared, and already known ones started to expand the range of manufacture.    The military and technical assistance of the Western allies significantly contributed to rebooting the army. For example, since 2014, the USA provided the AFU with assistance worth USD 2.5 billion, in particular, armoured Hummers, counter-battery radars, communications means, sniper systems, patrol boats, FGM Javelin.                
But there are factors that negatively affect the defence capacity of the Ukrainian army, O. Saienko said. First of all, the actual freezing of defence procurements last year. A great number of collisions and gaps in the law on defence procurements which was adopted in 2020 but is being implemented too long, led to such a situation. "As a consequence, last year, the performance of the program for development, procurement, modernization and repair of weapons, military equipment, means and hardware was quite poor.                
The Ministry of Defense announced open-bid purchasing for the amount of UAH 21.07 billion, however, 66% of them were never held. The situation with fuel was critical: it was purchased for only half of the planned sum (for UAH 2.6 billion of UAH 5 billion). Moreover, during the whole year, no helmets were purchased. Though 16,000 helmets for UAH 111 million were planned to be purchased", stated the expert.