Our Publications

Corporate governance reform in Ukraine’s defence industry: from initiative to implementation

Reforming the governance of Ukraine’s defence industry is a national security priority matter which is crucial for Ukraine’s ability to protect its democracy and to move towards Euro-Atlantic integration. It is expected that in 2021 the State Concern Ukroboronprom (UOP) will be transformed according to the best practices in order to increase the global competitiveness […]

View Publication


MoD State-Owned Enterprises: How to Overcome Corruption and Inefficiency?

In today’s legislative, financial and managerial reality, the Ministry of Defence of Ukraine as a government authority has not demonstrated the ability to ensure effective control over its own SOEs. Over the past four years, net financial performance of state-owned enterprises managed by the MoD has consistently deteriorated. Negative results of the financial and economic […]

View Publication

Reforming the State Defence Order. A Brief.

In Ukraine, the State Defence Order (SDO) is defined as, “A means of State regulation of the economy to meet the needs for national security and defence”. Thus, its purpose is to provide defence-related supplies, services and works to the 16 State entities (henceforth Contractors), tasked with maintaining and protecting Ukraine’s national security. To gain […]

View Publication

Ukroboronprom. Schemes

Numerous journalistic investigations into corruption risks within Ukraine’s Military Industry State Concern “Ukroboronprom” (henceforth UOP) have exposed the existence of numerous systemic problems which facilitate the ineffective use, and possible misappropriation, of State budgetary funds particularly, the funds of State-owned enterprises (SOE) belonging to UOP. This paper describes six basic schemes which indicate the possible […]

View Publication

Consolidated NAKO Recommendations

This document is a compendium of six, theme-based recommendations which have been developed by NAKO between 2016 and mid-2019. The recommendations held herein are the result of in-depth research and consultations with both national and international experts.   Consolidated NAKO Recommendations_Eng

View Publication

Poor Governance and Corruption Inside Ukraine’s Defence Housing System: Risks and Recommendations

Ukraine has the longest defence housing queue in the world. The current system is wrought with corrupt and ineffective practices. Under current conditions it could take more than 600 years to satisfy defence housing needs. Moreover, damages incurred to Ukraine’s budget, as a result of subjective decision-making power, run into billions of hryvnas. The Independent […]

View Publication

Six Red Flags: The Most Frequent Corruption Risks in Ukraine’s Defence Procurement

Ukraine’s defence sector scored a ‘D’ in the most recent edition of Transparency International’s Government Defence Anti-Corruption Index (GI); signifying low transparency and a ‘high’ risk of corruption. Defence procurement scored even lower and was highlighted as the most opaque and corruption-prone area in the defence sector. To help improve this, NAKO has studied the […]

View Publication

Secrecy and Transparency: Striking the Right Balance in the Defence Sector

All states grapple with the need to find a balance between national security concerns and the freedom of information. The risks of failing to control sensitive information related to national security can be extremely serious. Excessive secrecy enables corruption, hinders effective policy-making and planning, and, ultimately decreases public trust of the government. As Ukraine continues […]

View Publication

Crossing the line: how the illegal trade with occupied Donbas has undermined defence integrity

The illegal trade between government-controlled Ukraine and the occupied territories in Donbas is conducted systematically, facilitated by Ukrainian defense and security institutions, according to new research. The illegal trade undermines defence capacity, and damages Ukraine’s economy and reputation. And it is so lucrative that those involved have an interest in sustaining the conflict, potentially prolonging […]

View Publication